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What’s the difference between the Five Fundamentals and the Five Essentials?

Last Updated: Jul 23, 2012 08:55AM CDT

CCSR developed the Essential Supports in the early 2000’s based on empirical survey research spanning 10 years. CPS used these Essentials as the basis for its Five Fundamentals, using the same five broad categories as the Essentials. CCSR has continuously updated its survey research, culminating in the book Organizing Schools for Improvement (2010). Because the 2011 results are organized around that research, we have chosen to call them the Five Essentials.      

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